George B. Vashon
George B. Vashon frist black to enter NY State bar
Autherine Lucy Foster
Autherine Lucy Foster Autherine Lucy Foster
Father Patrick Francis Healy
Father Patrick Francis Healy Father Patrick Francis Healy first black man to receive a PhD
Harry Blair Harry Blair received a patent for his corn planting machine
Sonny Boy Williamson II
Alex Miller (December 5, 1912 â€“ May 25, 1965), known professionally as Sonny Boy Williamson, was an American blues harmonica player, singer and songwriter, from Mississippi. He is acknowledged as one of the most charismatic and influential blues musicians, with considerable prowess on the harmonica and creative songwriting skills. He recorded successfully in the 1950s […]
Sonny Boy Williamson
Sonny Boy Williamson Blues singer, harmonica player
Enlistment of Slaves as Union Sailors
The Secretary of the Navy Authorized enlistment of slaves as Union sailors, September 25, 1861
The Union Navy began to employ African American men on board ships as crew members and sailors very early in the war. And as the war progressed, blockading squadrons and naval vessels also took on board numerous "contraband" slaves who managed to escape from land to sea. By 1863, the Union navy was enlisting and actively recruiting runaway slaves as crewmembers or paid sailors, usually at the low rank of "landsman." By the end of the war nearly 20,000 black sailors had enlisted, a figure which represented nearly 20 percent of the navy's enlisted men. The majority of these black sailors were men who had been enslaved but seized naval service as a route to freedom.
Georgia Equal Rights Association
1866 - The Georgia Equal Rights Association First organized.
1867 - The Georgia Equal Rights Association met in Macon.
Its primary goal was to encourage blacks to register and vote on a new state constitution.
Garrett Augustus Morgan
Garrett Augustus Morgan Father of the Gas Mask
Constance Baker Motley
Constance Baker Motley was born in New Haven, Connecticut in 1921. She received her bachelor’s degree from New York University in 1943, and graduated from the prestigious Columbia Law School in 1946. Motley began her legal career as Thurgood Marshall’s law clerk at the NAACP Legal Defense and Education Fund, working at the forefront of […]
Violette Neatley Anderson
Violette N. Anderson was born July 16, 1882, in London, England. She and her parents, Richard and Marie Neatley, emigrated to the United States while Violette was a young girl, settling in Chicago. Violette graduated from Chicago’s North Division High School in 1899, then worked as a court reporter from 1905-1920. She was fascinated by […]
Nation of Islam
Black Muslin Black Muslin movement initiated in Detroit
Vinnette Carroll Writer
Lewis Temple Inventor of the toggle harpoon
Theodore S. Wright
Theo Wright Theo Wright becomes first black to obtain Theology Degree